Governments are seeking to channel research funds into universities and other institutions in ways that support high-quality research in strategically important areas and bolster effective knowledge diffusion. These issues of steering and funding have even more relevance in light of the current financial crisis and economic downturn which have seen severe fiscal pressures fall on many countries.
This publication presents a collection of papers presented at a June 2010 OECD workshop on performance-based funding for public research in tertiary education institutions. It takes stock of current thinking and practice around performance-based funding for public research in tertiary education institutions, as a tool to help governments meet their research goals. These funding models are essentially systems of ex-post evaluation of research outputs and outcomes from universities and other tertiary institutions, and are generally based on peer review, bibliometrics or other quantitative indicators. Their results are used to inform government decisions about how much and which institutions to fund.
An online annex (pdf) provides additional detail of the performance-based funding systems in place in Australia, Austria, Belgium (Flemish Community), the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Poland and the United Kingdom.
Executive summary (download pdf)
Chapter 1. Overview of models of performance-based research funding systems
Chapter 2. Performance indicators used in performance-based research funding systems
Chapter 3. Performance-based funding for public research in tertiary education institutions: Country experiences
Chapter 4. Impacts of performance-based research funding systems: A review of the concerns and the evidence
Chapter 5. Highlights and reflections: Rapporteur’s report
Annex. Workshop summary
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